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Tourist Visa

A tourist visa is appropriate for those who would like to visit others countries like Canada, Australia, New Zealand, USA, UK, Europe etc. for tourism and other non-business related purposes.A Tourist visa granted for visiting other countries for reception, sightseeing, casual visits to meet friends & relatives etc. No other activities are permissible on a Tourist Visa.A visa is a conditional authorization granted by a country to a foreigner, allowing them to enter, remain within, or to leave that country. Visas typically include limits on the duration of the foreigner’s stay, territory within the country they may enter, the dates they may enter, the number of permitted visits or an individual’s right to work in the country in question. Visas are associated with the request for permission to enter a country and thus are, in some countries, distinct from actual formal permission for an alien to enter and remain in the country. In each instance, a visa is subject to entry permission by an immigration official at the time of actual entry, and can be revoked at any time. A visa most commonly takes the form of a sticker endorsed in the applicant’s passport or other travel document.A visa generally gives non-citizens permission to appear at a foreign port of entry to apply for admission to a foreign country and to remain there within specified constraints, such as a time frame for entry, a limit on the time spent in the country, and a prohibition against  employment. Many countries do not require a visa in some situations; this may be the result of treaties specifying reciprocal arrangements. The possession of a visa is not in itself a guarantee of entry into the country that issued it, and a visa can be revoked at any time. A visa application in advance of arrival gives the country a chance to consider the applicant’s circumstances, such as financial security, reason for travelling, and details of previous visits to the country. A visitor may also be required to undergo and pass security or health checks upon arrival at the port of entry. Some visas can be granted on arrival or by prior application at the country’s Embassy or Consulate, or through a private visa service specialist who is specialized in the issuance of international travel documents. These agencies are authorized by the foreign authority, embassy, or consulate to represent international travellers who are unable or unwilling to travel to the embassy and apply in person. Private visa and passport services collect an additional fee for verifying customer applications, supporting  ocuments, and submitting them to the appropriate authority. If there is no embassy or consulate in one’s home  country, then one would have to travel to a third country (or apply by post) and try to get a visa issued there. Alternatively, in such cases visas may be pre-arranged for collection on arrival at the border. The need or absence of need of a visa generally depends on the citizenship of the applicant, the intended duration of the stay, and the activities that the applicant may wish to undertake in the country he visits; these may delineate different formal categories of visas, with different issue conditions.

Types

Each country typically has a multitude of categories of visas with various names. The most common types and names of visas include:

By purpose

Transit visas

For passing through the country of issue to a destination outside that country. Validity of transit visas are usually limited by short terms such as several hours to ten days depending on the size of the country or the circumstances of a particular transit itinerary.

  • Airside transit visa, required by some countries for passing through their airports even without going through passport control.
  • Crew member, steward or driver visa, issued to persons employed or trained on aircraft, vessels, trains, trucks, buses and any other means of international transportation, or ships fishing in international waters.

Short-stay or visitor visas

For short visits to the visited country. Many countries differentiate between different reasons for these visits, such as:

  • Private visa, for private visits by invitation from residents of the visited country.
  • Tourist visa, for a limited period of leisure travel, no business activities allowed.
  • Visa for medical reasons, for undertaking diagnostics or a course of treatment in the visited country’s hospitals or other medical facilities.

By method of issue

Normally visa applications are made at and collected from a consulate, embassy or other diplomatic mission.

On-arrival visas

(Also known as Visa On Arrival, VOA), granted at a port of entry. This is distinct from not requiring a visa at all, as the visitor must still obtain the visa before they can even try to pass through immigration.

  • Almost all countries will consider issuing a visa (or another document to the same effect) on arrival to a visitor arriving in unforeseen exceptional circumstances.
  • Some countries issue visas on arrival to special categories of travelers, such as seafarers or air crew.

Electronic visas

An electronic visa (e-Visa or eVisa) is stored in a computer and is linked to the passport number; no label, sticker or stamp is placed in the passport before travel. The application is done over the internet.

  •  Antigua and Barbuda issues Electronic Entry Visa (EEV) online to nationals of countries that require a visa.
  •  Armenia issues electronic visas to certain eligible countries.
  •  Australia pioneered electronic visa issuance with the Electronic Travel Authority for tourists, and is also issuing the eVisitor for European tourists and business travellers. Recent changes in immigration law mean that almost all visas (including those for permanent residency) are issued electronically by default unless a label is required (for example to board an aircraft). New Zealand citizens, however, can enter Australia under the Trans Tasman agreement.
  •  Azerbaijan issues electronic visas to nationals of 81 countries and stateless persons through its ASAN visa system.
  •  Bahrain issues electronic visas to nationals of certain eligible countries.
  •  Brazil issues electronic visas to nationals of Australia, Japan, Canada, and the United States.
  •  Cambodia issues electronic visas to most visitors through their eVisa system.
  •  Canada issues electronic visas to former visa-free visitors through their Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) system.
  •  Djibouti issues electronic visas.
  •  Ethiopia issues electronic visas.
  •  Georgia issues electronic visas to nationals of eligible countries.
  •  India issues electronic visas (called e-Tourist Visas) to nationals of certain eligible countries.
  •  Ivory Coast allows visitors to apply online for an electronic visa that if approved can be picked up at the Port Bouet Airport in Abidjan.
  •  Kenya issues electronic visas to nationals of countries that are eligible for visa on arrival.
  •  Kuwait issues electronic visas to nationals of 52 countries via its online portal. Other nationalities may apply for an eVisa if they possess a valid GCC residency and work in select professions.
  •  Myanmar issues electronic visas to nationals of eligible countries.
  •  New Zealand is now also issuing some visas electronically.
  •  Oman is issuing electronic visas to eligible visitors.
  •  Rwanda issues electronic visas.
  •  Saint Kitts and Nevis issues electronic visas to visitors from countries that require a visa for Saint Kitts and Nevis.
  •  São Tomé and Príncipe issues electronic visas to all passengers through the eVisaST system.
  •  Singapore issues electronic visas to certain eligible countries.
  •  Sri Lanka issues electronic visas through the Electronic Travel Authorization system to certain eligible countries.
  •  Turkey issues electronic visas as of April 2013 (certain African countries are eligible only if using Turkish Airlines) through the Republic of Turkey Electronic Visa Application System.
  •  Uganda issues electronic visas to nationals of countries that are eligible for visa on arrival.
  •  Vietnam issues electronic visas to nationals of 40 eligible countries.

Authorities of Laos, Madagascar,Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Tunisia and Uzbekistan have announced plans to introduce electronic visas in 2018 or 2019.

These lists are not exhaustive. Some countries may have more detailed classifications of some of these categories reflecting the nuances of their respective geographies, social conditions, economies, international treaties, etc. Others, on the contrary, may combine some types into broader categories.